In order to support capacity building, a delegation of ten customs officers of the Customs Administration of Serbia visited South Korea within the framework of the ODA 2018 Program and took part in a training/seminar titled "KCS Customs Administrative Technique training for Foreign Customs Officials". From April 30 to May 5, 2018, the host of our delegation was the Korean Customs Administration.
Korea in the 1950s was one of the poorest countries in the world and developed on the basis of foreign countries aid. As a result, Korea joined the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1996. In 2000, Korea was excluded from the DAC list of ODA recipients and became an example. Today, Korea is a rich, modern country with its own ODA Program for developing countries.
A trip to Incheon by our ten-member delegation included the visit to Incheon Airport, which is just 50km from the capital Seoul. At the newly built Terminal 2, CAS representatives were introduced to the latest passenger control procedures, the risk analysis and risk management procedures in passenger traffic as well as to the technical novelties in passenger control. The suspicious passenger luggage detected by risk analysis or a customs officer is labeled with electronic colored seals (red - weapons, drugs, explosives ..., green - fruits, vegetables,... orange - animals, meat, food,.... and yellow - other goods carried by travelers). The subject seals are bound up with the suspicious luggage and passenger monitoring system. CAS delegation was the first foreign delegation to visit Terminal 2. Also, we had the opportunity to visit the Detection Dog Training Center with 16 customs officers/trainers specialized in detection dogs for drugs, explosives and money.
In the city of Daejeon, Central Korea, there is the Korean Customs Headquarters. Surrounded by the beautiful “Eastern-style” parks the building is a part of modern complex, which in addition to customs administration also features a variety of other ministries. Korea looks like botanical garden. The Head of Bilateral Cooperation Sector, Mr. Im Hyuncheol, hosted our delegation during the seminar. Our representatives had the opportunity to get familiar with the latest novelties and challenges faced by the Korean customs in the area of tariff and tariff classification. Also, the Head of the Intelligence Department, Mr. Beomsuk Heo, introduced the Target Center operating procedure.
After observing the process of information collection and processing, risk analysis and risk management, based on the so-called Pre-Arrival Data, our delegation was given an exclusive right to visit the Command Center from which monitoring of all ports, airports, etc. is carried out as well as the direct management of certain actions of customs controls. A modern center, which is equipped with wide range of surveillance systems, with the possibility of so-called On Line access to all databases at the national level enables teams to respond in a timely and effective manner to all challenges of customs violation.
The Central Customs Laboratory and Scientific Center are located in Jinju, which is in the southern part of Korea. In the Laboratory, an assortment of modern equipment is available to facilitate all kinds of laboratory testing and in addition, the laboratory also provides for DNA analysis.
In Seoul we visited a customs office where we were shown the Single-Window customs clearance procedure. A modern way of declaration control targeted by the risk analysis system, with the possibility of an On Line access to all databases of relevant ministries and agencies for controlling the issued permits, certificates, etc. direct the liability to importer/exporter. The representatives of CAS could see that the electronic, i.e. "paperless" customs clearance was a prerequisite for the suppression of corruption. At the same customs office, the basic principles of money laundering and challenges related to the control of strategic goods that the Korean customs officers encounter, were shown.
The host of our delegation, Mr. Im Hyuncheol and the organizer of the visit, Mrs. Kang Bo-Won from the Korean Customs Bilateral Cooperation Sector also arranged a meeting with H.E.Mr. Zoran Kazazović, the Ambassador of the Republic of Serbia in Korea, with whom our representatives shared impressions of the newly acquired knowledge in Korea.
As a seminar organizer and host, a three-member team headed by Ms.Kang Bo-Won and her young colleagues, Kim Sang Uk and Kang Chan, did its best to make our visit to Korea such a wonderful experience, with lasting impressions about this modern country of high standards and diligent people.